7.62x38mmR, Cartridge Type R
The 7.62mm Nagant (AKA: 7.62x38mmR, Cartridge Type R) is a Center Fire cartridge with a Bullet Diameter of 0.308 in” (7.82mm) that is primarily used in Pistols and Rifles. The 7.62mm Nagant originated in Belgium in 1895. The 7.62mm Nagant also has a case length of 1.53 in” (38.86mm) and an overall length of 1.53 in” (38.86mm).
The 7.62mm Nagant Pistol Cartridge is a revolver cartridge most notable used by the Imperial Russian Army starting in the late 19th Century and was used in both the Nagant M1895 Revolver created by Leon Nagant of Belgium, and the Imperial M1895 Officer’s Revolver created by Henri Pieper, a lower quality and less well received revolver that did not gain favor with the Imperial Government. Both of these Revolvers carried 7 cartridges of the 7.62mm Round and were created in both Single and Double Actions. Throughout history there have been a number of replica revolvers made based upon Leon Nagant’s design that also fired the 7.62mm Nagant Pistol Cartridge such as the 9 shot 3 Line Nagant Revolver, which is said to be one of the better known copies of the original revolver.
The most notable feature of the 7.62mm Nagant Pistol Cartridge, also sometimes referred to as the 7.62x38mmR, is its strange design, featuring a projectile that is inset below the neck of the cartridge that forces the crimp to expand upon firing the cartridge, supposedly creating moderately better velocities. The 7.62mm Nagant Pistol cartridge has been compared to the .32 S&W Long cartridge in terms of power, and has a relatively low muzzle energy with a lightweight 100-115 grain projectile, being capable of modest velocities in the range of 1050-1200 fps, but averaged a very low velocity range of approximately 700-800fps in the original loading for the Pieper Revolver, making it far less appealing than it’s Nagant Counterpart.
The 7.62mm Nagant Pistol cartridge is a collectors item today in its original 19th century form and alongside the Belgian made M1895 Nagant Revolver is sought after in the Firearms Collector’s community, fetching fairly modest prices at auction. Individual rounds of the 7.62mm Nagant Cartridge have been known to fetch anywhere from $2 to $7 dollars a piece, with the revolvers varying from a few hundred to several thousand dollars, depending on the production date and serial number.
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