The 7.62mm Tokarev (AKA: 7.62x25mm, 7.62x25mm Tokarev) is a Center Fire cartridge with a Bullet Diameter of 0.307 in” (7.8mm) that is primarily used in Pistols. The 7.62mm Tokarev originated in Soviet Union in 1930. The 7.62mm Tokarev also has a case length of 0.97 in” (24.64mm) and an overall length of 1.35 in” (34.29mm).
The 7.62mm Tokarev Pistol Cartridge is a Soviet made pistol cartridge developed around 1930 that remains popular today. The cartridge began life as the 7.63mm Mauser cartridge and was modified for use by Soviet Military’s until being replaced largely by the 9×18 Makarov Pistol Cartridge which was based on the 9x18mm Ultra Cartridge. The case of the 7.62mm Tokarev closely resembles a long 9mm Luger cartridge, necked down to accept a .307 in” (7.8mm) projectile. Because of the extra case length and smaller projectile, the 7.62mm Tokarev is able to reach velocities over 1700fps with an 80-90 grain bullet, depending on the load.
Many have mistaken the 7.62mm Tokarev to be the same cartridge as the 7.63mm Mauser (or .30 Mauser) but in fact they are two separate cartridges, although incredibly similar in dimension. Both of these cartridge come from a family of cartridges based on the 7.65mm Borchardt Cartridge, developed in the late 19th century by Hugo Borchardt. Amongst its family are the 7.65mm Borchardt, 7.65mm Parabellum, 7.63mm Mauser, 7.65mm Mannlicher, and by extensions the 9x19mm Parabellum which is the 7.65mm Parabellum necked up to the 9mm projectile.
The 7.62mm Tokarev also possesses armor piercing capabilities when paired with steel bullets, although nowhere to the degree of rounds such as the 4.6x30mm and 5.7x28mm FN cartridges, both PDW rounds developed to be especially effective in this manner. Regardless, the 7.62mm Tokarev, when paired with copper plated steel bullets, has proven effective in defeating light weight body armor including some Kevlar. Based upon these factors, the 7.62mm Tokarev is illegal for import to areas such as the United States, being replaced instead by a similar load with a copper-coated lead core. As of today, most 7.62x25mm Ammunition is exported from areas such as Russia, Romania, and Czechoslovakia to the rest of the world, much of which is steel cased and Berdan primed, often coated for better feeding and reliability in automatic and semi-automatic firearms.
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